400 Blows, The

Critics poll
39 th
Directors poll
13 th

400 Blows, The

Year: 1959 Country: France
Directed by François Truffaut
Featuring Jean-Pierre Léaud / Claire Maurier / Albert Rémy

Introduction

The directorial debut of film critic François Truffaut, this autobiographical story of a wayward child marked a fresh start for French cinema.

“Truffaut was moving both backward and forward in time – recalling his own experience while forging a filmic language that would grow more sophisticated throughout the 60s.”
Annette Insdorf, The Criterion Collection, 2003

Together with the first films of Jean-Luc Godard and Claude Chabrol, both former colleagues of François Truffaut at the film journal Cahiers du Cinéma, the release in 1959 of this lyrical tale of childhood heralded the arrival of a younger generation of French filmmakers who would revitalise their staid national cinema.

Dedicated to André Bazin – co-founder of Cahiers du Cinéma and a champion of personal filmmaking – and made in the expressive, spontaneous spirit of 1930s director Jean Vigo, Truffaut’s film introduced his errant alter ego, Antoine Doinel (played by Jean-Pierre Léaud). Among Truffaut’s stylistic innovations, the most celebrated is the final freeze-frame which fixes Antoine’s expression as, having made a break for liberty, he gazes back into the camera, his future heartbreakingly uncertain.

Truffaut would return to the Antoine Doinel character for four more films, beginning with a segment for omnibus film L’Amour à vingt ans (1962).